How to create Functions in MySQL Step By Step

HOW to Use function in MySQL in database

What Are Functions in MySQL

In MySQL, a function is a reusable block of code that performs a specific task and returns a value, Functions can accept parameters and are commonly used to encapsulate frequently used logic, such as calculations or data transformations.

How to create Functions with MySQL

To create a function in MySQL, you’ll need to follow these steps:

1. Choose a Function Name

Select a meaningful and descriptive name for your function, The name should reflect the purpose of the function to make your code more readable.

2. Define the Function

Use the CREATE FUNCTION statement to define your function. Here’s the basic syntax :

CREATE FUNCTION function_name ( parameter1 datatype , parameter2 datatype, ... ) 
RETURNS return_datatype
    -- Function logic here
  • function_name: Replace this with the chosen name for your function.
  • parameter1, parameter2, …: Specify any input parameters your function needs.
  • return_datatype: Define the data type of the value that the function will return.

3. Write the Function Logic

Inside the BEGIN and END block, write the logic for your function. You can use SQL statements, control structures like IF and CASE, and any necessary calculations.

Here’s an example of a simple function that calculates the square of a number:

CREATE FUNCTION CalculateSquare(number INT)
    DECLARE square INT;
    SET square = number * number;
    RETURN square;

4. Set the Delimiter

Before creating the function, you should set the delimiter to something other than the default semicolon “;” to prevent conflicts with the semicolons used within the function body. In the example above, we set the delimiter to //.

5. Create the Function

Execute the CREATE FUNCTION statement with the new delimiter to create your function.

6. Use the Function

You can now use your user-defined function like any other built-in function in MySQL. For example:

SELECT CalculateSquare(5);
 -- Returns 25


Creating user-defined functions in MySQL can help you streamline your database operations and make your code more modular and maintainable, By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can harness the power of custom functions to perform complex calculations and tasks within your MySQL database.

1 thought on “How to create Functions in MySQL Step By Step”

  1. Pingback: How to create Stored Procedures in MySQL - The Best Coding

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *